Children account for approximately 140,000 TB deaths a year. Children bear a heavy TB burden, the full scope of which is unknown because a definitive diagnosis of TB in children is very rare. For reasons we still don’t understand well children have unusually low levels of germs in their body which makes our current tests largely ineffective. Therefore, the actual numbers are most likely much higher.
Children with TB often come from families that are poor, lack knowledge about the disease and live in communities where access to health services is limited. These factors put children at increased risk for acquiring TB.